Directed by: Ava DuVernay
Written by: Ava DuVernay, Paul Webb
Cast: Cuba Gooding, Jr., Tom Wilkinson, Lorraine Toussaint, Giovanni Rabisi, David Oyelowo, Oprah Winfrey, Tim Roth Release Date: December 25, 2014
The plot for Selma revolves around Martin Luther King, Jr. and the historic “Bloody Sunday” marches from Selma to Montgomery:
From Wikipedia: The Selma to Montgomery marches, also known as “Bloody Sunday” and the two marches that followed, were marches and protests held in 1965 that marked a political and emotional peak of the 1960s American Civil Rights Movement and directly brought about the 1965 Voting Rights Act. All three marches were attempts to walk for 54-miles along the highway from Selma to the Alabama state capitol of Montgomery. The first march, initiated and directed by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference’s Director of Direct Action, James Bevel, was strategized as a counter-measure to relieve the trauma and escalating anger caused by the killing of Voting Rights activist Jimmie Lee Jackson during a nighttime march in Marion, Alabama. The voting rights movement in Selma was launched by local African-Americans who formed the Dallas County Voters League (DCVL). In 1963, the DCVL and organizers from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) began voter-registration work. When white resistance to black voter registration proved intractable, the DCVL requested the assistance of Martin Luther King, Jr. and SCLC, who finally brought many prominent civil rights and civic leaders to support the Selma Voting Rights Movement in January, 1965. The first march took place on March 7, 1965 — “Bloody Sunday” — when 600 marchers, protesting the death of Jackson and the ongoing exclusion from the electoral process, were attacked by state and local police with billy clubs and tear gas. The second march took place March 9; police and marchers stood off against one another, but when the troopers stepped aside to let them pass, Dr. Martin Luther King led the marchers back to the church. The third march started March 16. Protected by 2,000 soldiers of the U.S. Army, 1,900 members of the Alabama National Guard under Federal command, and many FBI agents and Federal Marshals, the marchers averaged 10 miles (16 km) a day along U.S. Route 80, known in Alabama as the “Jefferson Davis Highway”. The marchers arrived in Montgomery on March 24 and at the Alabama State Capitol on March 25. The route is memorialized as the Selma To Montgomery Voting Rights Trail, and is a U.S. National Historic Trail.